Genius 3D Mammography
A Genius exam is very similar to a traditional mammogram. Just as with a digital mammogram, the technologist will position you, compress your breast under a paddle and take images from different angles. A Genius exam may be used as a screening tool in conjunction with a traditional digital mammogram or may be used by itself for a diagnostic mammogram.
During the Genius exam, the X-ray arm sweeps in a slight arc over the breast, taking multiple breast images in just seconds. Your doctor is then able to view your breast tissue in one millimeter layers. Instead of viewing all the complexities of your breast tissue in one flat image, the doctor can examine the tissue one page or “slice” at a time.
There is no additional compression required with the Genius exam, and it only takes a few seconds longer for each view. The technologist will view the images at a computer workstation to ensure adequate images have been captured for review by a radiologist, who studies them and reports results to either your physician or directly to you.
Doctors and scientists agree that early detection is the best defense against breast cancer. Successful treatment and survival rates for breast cancer patients are dramatically affected by early detection of breast cancers. If we find breast cancer early, before it has spread to lymph nodes, the five-year survival rate is almost 100 percent.1 Until now, the best way to do that has been with digital mammography.
Breast Cancer Center at Mountain Point Medical Center
300 N. Triumph Blvd • Lehi, Utah
While digital mammography is still one of the most advanced technologies available today, it is only a 2-dimensional picture of the breast. The breast is a 3-dimensional object composed of different structures, such as blood vessels, milk ducts, fat, and ligaments. All of these structures, which are located at different heights within the breast, can overlap and cause confusion when viewed as a 2-dimensional, flat image. This confusion of overlapping tissue is a leading reason why small breast cancers may be missed and normal tissue may appear abnormal, leading to unnecessary callbacks.
Hologic – a world leader in digital mammography – has developed an advanced technology called breast tomosynthesis, which has been shown in clinical studies to be superior to digital mammography.2
A Genius exam is an advanced technology in the fight against breast cancer that allows doctors to examine your breast tissue one layer at a time. The imaging system uses high-powered computing to convert digital breast images into a stack of very thin layers or “slices” for your radiologist to review. A good analogy for a Genius exam is thinking of the pages in a book. If you look down at the cover you cannot see all of the pages – but when you open it up, you can go through the entire book page-by-page to see everything between the covers. The Genius exam was designed with the same concept in mind.
Very low X-ray energy is used during the screening examination so your radiation exposure is below the FDA guidelines. Combining the Genius exam with digital mammography for screening has been proven to significantly reduce callbacks by up to 40%.2,3 In addition, the Genius exam finds cancers earlier than 2D mammography alone, with a 41% increase in invasive cancer detection.2 The Genius exam may also be used during a diagnostic mammogram if you happen to be called back for this type of exam.